The story of the tulip is a story of a single bulb being sold for thousands of dollars. Fortunes were made, then lost when the tulip craze of the 16th century Europe suddenly faded. During the tulip craze tulips were more valuable than gold in Holland.
In 1634 a Dutch collector paid 1,000 pounds of cheese, 8 pigs, 4 oxen, 12 sheep, a family bed, and a suit of clothes for ONE Viceroy tulip bulb! He surely told his wife that it was worth it. The value of the Viceroy would equal about $1,250 in American money today. A Semper Augustus tulip would have gone for about twice that.
Many of us have seen the hex signs of the Pennsylvania Dutch that are found on their barns and other buildings. On these hex signs we find a variety of stylized images; among these are roses, rosettes, bleeding heart and tulips.
These folks admit that they are religious and superstitious. For instance they do not account for the 13th day of a month; rather, they use the 12th each month for two days. Never date a check on the 13th, etc. A "rain" hex sign will be given to anyone in another area of the state, or another state, where draught may destroy his crops. this hex sign will cause rain to fall. Don't pass anyone on a stairway; this will bring bad luck. They do plant by the signs.
The rosette is the earliest recorded hex sign. It is believed to "keep away all bad or ill luck."
The bleeding heart is not as common as the others. It stand for "undying love and devotion." We need more of these among celebrities.
The tulip stands for "faith in yourself, faith in what you do and faith in your fellow man" as well as "faith hope and charity." These are often painted in threes or a "trinity."
Massive Gothic cathedrals have a rose window. These massive round windows are high above the front portals and are divided by stone mullions and tracery. This gives the illusion of flower petals.
These are, in the writer's opinion, among the most colorful and beautiful examples of stained glass work.
The term "rose window" was not used in gothic cathedrals prior to the 17th century in Italy, or in France for the word "rose" is British.